There are a few essential camera shots that are most well-known between photographers and videographers. These shots are typically based around subject size and camera angle.
- Wide Shot: The wide shot captures a subject completely within the frame. The subject tends to be in focus while still surrounded by scenery.
Full Shot: The full shot frames the subject completely, with the subject as the main focus. This type of shot targets the subject in action.
Medium Long Shot: The medium long shot captures a subject from the knees up. This gives a close-up view of a subject in action and captures their feelings effectively.
Close Up: The close up shot captures the subjects head and face. This is usually framed fairly tightly to really capture the reaction of the subject.
Choker: The choker shot captures the subjects face from the neck upwards, hence the name choker. This gives a nice clean shot of the subjects head and face without overcrowding.
Extreme Close Up: The extreme close up frames a detail of the subject, such as the eyes. This type of image tends to convey a dramatic emotion very well.
These are the essential shots to focus on when dealing with a subject. Choose your style based on what you are looking to convey, and what’s important to you about the image, whether that be the scenery, the subject, or both.
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