When you are working on a video project, chances are good that you will need to use a video recording camera with microphone to ensure the best sound quality. Although it may seem like a relatively simple task, it's not always easy to determine exactly how to connect a microphone to a video camera.
One of the first things you need to determine is the type of input your video camera provides for connecting a microphone. Understanding how to use your camera is an essential part of creating any video, and this is especially true when you want to connect external devices such as a microphone. The quickest way to determine your camera's input type is to consult the user manual. This is because there is no standard microphone connection system for every camera on the market.
In terms of input types check to see if your camera is mono or stereo. A stereo input may have one stereo jack or two separate mono jacks for left and right channels. In addition, your mono video camera may require a separate power source if there is no DC voltage present. The standard connector is called an XLR connector and will generally connect to a 3.5 mm mono or stereo miniplug.
Depending on your particular project, you may need to incorporate other elements, such as a transformer. A cable that is longer than 20 feet between the video camera and the microphone will need a transformer. This additional connector is added at the end of the microphone cable on the end closest to the video camera, and then is connected directly to the input source on the camera.
Since sound quality is an important aspect when connecting a microphone to a video camera, you may also want to consider what type of professional video editing software you will use in post-production.
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