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The Great Depression. African Americans in the lineup for food in the camp for flood refugees, Forrest City, Arkansas. Walker Evans photo, 1937.
The Great Depression Unemployed men queued outside a soup kitchen opened in Chicago by Al Capone The storefront sign reads 'Free Soup
Sad daughter of unemployed Tennessee coal miner in California migrant workers camp near Sacramento, California, during the Great Depression. Photo by Dorothea Lange, 1936.
Great Depression Unemployed Men 1930's
The Great Depression. Itinerant worker, traveling by foot, looking for work in mines, lumber camps, or farms. Industrial Workers of the World (IWW). Photo by Dorothea Lange, 1938.
New York men in a bread line during the Great Depression, 1935-38. The sign read, 'Paid Up to this Point, Every Dollar pays for 20 More Meals. Men ahead of the sign are assured of a five-cent meal--th
Wife and children of an unemployed African American coal miner in Scott's Run, West Virginia. Photo by Lewis Hine, March 1937.
20000 unemployed demonstrate in Chicago's Grant Park Protest multiple signs, Oct. 31, 1932.
Man sleeping on the NYC docks, ca. 1930-31, by Lewis Hine. He wears a three piece suit under his worn overcoat, indicating his former white collar employment.
Unemployed single women in New York demonstrate for public works jobs. Some placards read "Forgotten women," because public policy focused only on men's unemployment. December 7 , 1933
Thirteen-year old African American sharecropper boy plowing in July 1937. Photo by Dorothea Lange.
The Great Depression A row of out of work men at the New York City docks 1930s
Bonus Army shacks at Anacostia Flats, Washington, D.C. July 1932. These are encampments of the 45th and 47th 'Bonus Expeditionary Forces' which include tents, shacks, and cars.
Hunger Marchers breakfast just outside Washington DC, December, 1932.
Native pasture land blowing in Dixon, South Dakota, May 1936. Figure in the distance in bent forward to resist the force of the wind.
Buried machinery in a barn lot in Dallas, South Dakota in 1936. The Dust Bowl ecological disaster extended from Texas into the Northern Plains and Canada.
World War I veterans boarding a bus taking them from New York City's Battery to Fort Slocum, about 40 miles away for dollar-a-day jobs at government's reforestation camp. Photo taken in 1933.
During the Great Depression foreclosed farmers moved to nearby towns Hoovervilles. Photo shows former farmer William Swift in his squatter shack in Circleville, Ohio. 1938 photo by Ben Shahn.
Lone man in farmer's overalls, San Francisco's Skid Row at Howard Street. Ruined farmers from Midwest added to homeless and unemployed populations in California. February 1936 photo by Dorothea Lange.
Hunger Marchers demonstrate in Washington DC Their placards read: 'We Demand Unemployment Insurance'; 'Free Milk for Workers children'; 'Tax the Rich for Unemployment Relief ''.
International Unemployment Day at the White House, Washington, D.C. Police used tear gas bombs, night sticks and police reserves to subdue the Communist demonstration at the White House, March 6, 1930
Soil blown by dust bowl winds piled up in large drifts on a Kansas farm. March 1936. Photo by Arthur Rothstein
Stock traders on the floor of the New York Stock Exchange in 1936.
A Hobo, Lou Ambers, tips his hat as he accepts a sandwich from a woman's hand during the Great Depression. Unemployed men were more reluctant than women to live with their relatives. 1935.
Great Depression Shantytown at West Houston Street New York City
Signs for the 1936 election. Hardwick Vermont streets with campaign signs for 'Roosevelt and Garner' 'The Townsend Plan' and Landon and Knox. Sept. 1936.
Great Depression Hooverville in lower Manhattan. 1932.
The Great Depression. Unemployed man sells apples near the Capitol in Washington D.C. As the Great Depression deepened in 1930, obtained apples from the International Apple Shippers Association. 1930
Depression era slums in Washington D.C. African American men in the backyards of three story row houses. Nov. 1935.
Texas tenant farmers displaced from their land by tractor farming were unemployed. In the 1930's tractors increased efficiency and reduced the manpower needs of farming.
New York Bonus Marchers leave for to Washington June 4 1932.
Soil drifting over a farm building on a South Dakota farm in 1935. Dakota was north of the 'Dust Bowl,' but the 1930s drought and decades of intensive farming on the Great Plains.
Elderly woman beggar selling pencils during the Great Depression, 1938. The photo was taken New Deal photographer and featured in 'One Third of the Nation', by Arnold Eagle and David Robbins.
10000 unemployed Hunger Marchers to the jammed the streets near the Capitol on Jan 7.
WPA protest march in front of the U.S. Supreme Court, Jan. 16, 1937. A multiracial group of men and women demonstrated for expansion of the WPA.
Birmingham Alabama coal miners were unionized by the CIO in 1934 after strikes and resistance from both the industry and state government. 1937 photo by Arthur Rothstein.
Road construction workers in Nazi Germany, in the 1930s. The men were probably enlistees in the Reichsarbeitsdienst
Men and mules cultivating cotton at the Lake Dick Cooperative Association farm. June 1938 photo by Dorothea Lange.
The Great Depression. A crowd of depositors protest in the rain at the Bank of United States after its failure. Signs demand bank stockholders be taxed to repay small depositors. New York City 1931.
Ex-tenant farmer on relief grant in the Imperial Valley, California. March 1937 photo by Dorothea Lange.
Unemployed men wait in line to file Social Security benefit claims. In January 1938, new Social Security programs made unemployment compensation available. California, by Dorothea Lange.
Sign advertising farm auction New Carlisle Ohio. Photo by Ben Shahn Summer 1938.
Civilian Conservation Corps planting trees, ca. 1935. Some wear worn hats and suit jackets, indicating their previous employment.
Dust Storm in Rolla, Kansas. May 6, 1935. The photo was sent to President Franklin Roosevelt this note, 'Dear Mr. Roosevelt, Darkness came when it hit us. Picture taken from water tower one hundred fe
USA-1998: America survives the Depression, issued by USPS in 1998, one of the stamps in 20th century series. Photo by American documentary photographer and photojournalist Dorothea Lange (1895–1965) .
Great Depression. An unemployed homeless man stands in the doorway of his rough, but orderly, dwelling in New York's Central Park in 1933. The Central Park Hooverville residents were evicted in 1933.
Missouri farmer, displaced by the farm crisis of the Great Depression, in California seeking work as migratory farm laborer. February 1936 photo by Dorothea Lange.
The Great Depression Men line up for free bread and soup 1932
Shack colony at West and Charleton Streets New York City February 16
Food Market display welcoming Food Stamps made available to Americans on relief from 1939 to 1943. The first Food Stamp program was initiated by Sec. of Agriculture Henry Wallace.
Crowds in the lobby of a Detroit Bank New National Bank opened in Detroit formed by Capital Subscribed by General Motors Corp and the Reconstruction Finance Corporation.
Washington D.C. Police arrest a man carrying child as others look on during a Depression era protest of unemployed. 1933.
North Dakota farmers waiting for their grants in a Resettlement Administration Office, precursor of the Farm Security Administration (FSA). July 1936 photo by Arthur Rothstein.
'Oakies' couple migrating. Cotton workers on the road carrying all they possess as they say 'Damned if we'll work for what they pay folks hereabouts.' Crittenden County Arkansas May 1936.
The teenage daughter of a an impoverished Arkansas farmer cooking on an old stove while her mother was in a tuberculosis sanitarium during the Great Depression. Red Cross photo from ca. 1930.
Great Depression Unemployed and homeless men eating at Municipal Lodging House (25th Street & East River) New York City
The Great Depression
Workmen pose for a group portrait on the giant turbine in the powerhouse of the Bonneville Dam. Ca. 1937.

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WASHINGTON DC, USA - AUGUST 20, 2014: An art installation at the Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial in Washington DC shows a bread line of five men to commemorate the Great Depression of the 1930s.
Great Depression Riverfront Shantytown (35th Street & East River) New York City
Farmer stands in a dust storm in New Mexico, Spring 1935. Photo by Dorothea Lange.
Skilled and unskilled laborers taking the TVA examination, Clinton, Tennessee. Nov. 1933. The Tennessee Valley Authority began hiring workers in late 1933. Photo by Lewis Hine
Bonus Army entrepreneur African American veteran from Detroit Charles Wood.
'This Farmer is not on Welfare ' reads a sign a wire fence. Iowa or Illinois Dec. 1940.
Crowds in the lobby of new bank in Detroit New National Bank opened in Detroit formed by capital subscribed by General Motors Corp and the Reconstruction Finance Corporation.
Chickamauga Dam, built by the Tennessee Valley Authority (TVA), New Deal public works project to bring flood control, electricity, and development the Depression ravaged Tennessee Valley. Ca. 1940.
On U.S. 99. in Kern County on the Tehachapi Ridge. Migrants in an old car travel on the three lane highway between Imperial Valley and the San Joaquin Valley. Feb. 1939 photo by Dorothea Lange.
Floyd Burroughs, sharecropper. Hale County, Alabama. Published in the book, 'Let Us Now Praise Famous Men'. photograph by Walker Evans, July, 1936.
Former farmers from Oklahoma waiting for their relief checks in the Imperial Valley California. Photo by Dorothea Lange March 1937.
Capitol Hill transformed by new 1930's buildings. Aerial view to northwest. The additions include Library of Congress Adams building, House and Senate office buildings, and the Supreme Court. On the n
1400 Hunger Marchers arrive in Washington DC Their placards read; 'We American Workers Refuse to Starve'; and 'Not a Cent for War.
A homeless African American man searches through garbage in a squatter neighborhood along the riverfront in St. Louis, Missouri. 1935 photo by Arthur Rothstein.
Heavy black clouds of dust rising over the Texas Panhandle. March 1936 photo by Arthur Rothstein.
CIO (Congress of Industrial Organizations) strikers pickets a store in the Yorkville neighborhood of Manhattan. Dec. 1937.
Payroll money for Detroit Workers Line up of workers eir paychecks at the newly opened the Chrysler Emergency Bank in Detroit.
The Great Depression A poor man walking through a vacant lot 1930s
Los Angeles 'Hooverville' Shanties at Alameda and 85th street house over 100 men women and children.
The Depression Era word cloud collage, education concept background
200 Quit the Bonus Army The Federal Government offered loans to Veterans for transportation home and food on the way Men applied for their loans at the sign reading.
Men wait in line for food on East 25th Street New York City 1930
Square dance in rural home in McIntosh County Oklahoma. They dance in a simple interior with butcher paper covered walls. Ca. 1938-39.
Five thousand school teachers demonstrate in downtown Chicago In the Great Depression they worked for months without pay.
Members of the National Chamber of Commerce at their anti-tax billboard. The Chamber was one of several business organizations that opposed New Deal programs. Jan 19, 1939 in Washington D.C. area.
The Great Depression Men on the street during a bank run
Striking workers picketing a reality company. Sign reads 'Mid City Reality Unfair-Underpays the Workers-Overcharges the Tenants-Support the Strike'. New York City ca. 1936-42.
Encampment shanties of Brooklyn veterans in the Bonus Expeditionary Forces in Washington, D.C. Signs read: Brooklyn Bonus March; We Want Our Bonus; This is Hoovertown. Summer, 1932.
Parisians riot over salary cuts Thousands of government employees assisted by Communists and other leftists groups protest against a 10% salary cut during the Great Depression.
Bonus Marchers confront Washington, D.C. police, July 28, 1932. Veterans pushing the line forward in their battle, one with blood streaming down his face.
Women working in a grapefruit canning factory at Winter Haven, Florida. Agricultural Adjustment Act taxed food processors. 1937 photo by Arthur Rothstein.
Statues depicting the Great Depression in the 1930s in The Franklin Roosevelt Memorial in Washington DC, USA on 13 May 2019
A well dressed unemployed man during the Great Depression era of the 1930s peddling apples in an effort to hold on to some self-respect and make some money to feed his family.
Unemployed men filling out Social Security benefit claims, ca. 1938. In January 1938, new Social Security programs made unemployment compensation available.
Detroit workers line up at the new Chrysler Emergency Bank at tellers window Mayor Frank Murphy and KT.
Statues depicting the Great Depression in the 1930s in The Franklin Roosevelt Memorial in Washington DC, USA on 13 May 2019
Dust storm, Elkhart, Kansas, May 1937.
World War I Veterans stand in front of a New York City Post Office, to fill out applications for their long promised Bonuses.
Coal miners ready to descend into mine in Maidsville, West Virginia. The National Industrial Recovery Act, helped the West Virginia coal industry unionize in 1930s. 1938 photo by Marion Post Wolcott.
Demonstration of hundreds of unemployed in Kansas City Missouri The march was organized by the Kansas City Unemployment Council.
Begging for business, this apple seller was a victim of the Great Depression. 1930s.
Bonus Veterans poor living conditions Two men from Detroit sleep in their primitive beds in the Anacostia Flats encampment An auto convertible top serves as a roof and the men sleep on straw.
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