Saul Perlmutter Nobel Prizes winner for physics Saul Perlmutter smiles as he receives the official phone call from the Swedish Academy of Sciences at his home in Berkeley, Calif., that he had won. The Royal Swedish Academy of Sciences said American Perlmutter would share the 10 million kronor ($1.5 million) award with U.S.-Australian Brian Schmidt and U.S. scientist Adam Riess. Working in two separate research teams during the 1990s, Perlmutter in one and Schmidt and Riess in the other, the scientists raced to map the universe's expansion by analyzing a particular type of supernovas, or exploding stars
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